Int J Epidemiol Res. 2019;6(2): 76-82. doi: 10.15171/ijer.2019.14
PMID: 31363495        PMCID: PMC6666429

Original Article

Race, Education Attainment, and Happiness in the United States

Shervin Assari 1,2,3 * ORCID

Cited by CrossRef: 18

1- Assari S. Association of Educational Attainment and Race/Ethnicity With Exposure to Tobacco Advertisement Among US Young Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(1):e1919393 [Crossref]
2- Guo Q, Qian H. Negative human capital externalities in well-being: evidence from Chinese cities. Regional Studies. 2021;55(6):1046 [Crossref]
3- Zhu J, Lu C, Song A. Air Pollution Governance and Residents’ Happiness: Evidence of Blue Sky Defense in China. Sustainability. 2023;15(21):15288 [Crossref]
4- Adinkrah E, Najand B, Young-Brinn A. Race and Ethnic Differences in the Protective Effect of Parental Educational Attainment on Subsequent Perceived Tobacco Norms among US Youth. IJERPH. 2023;20(3):2517 [Crossref]
5- Cobb S, Javanbakht A, Khalifeh Soltani E, Bazargan M, Assari S.

Racial Difference in the Relationship Between Health and Happiness in the United States

. PRBM. 2020;Volume 13:481 [Crossref]
6- Toney S, Price G. Can Black Entrepreneurship Reduce Black-White Inequality in the United States?. J Econ Race Policy. 2021;4(4):294 [Crossref]
7- Bekalu M, McCloud R, Minsky S, Viswanath K. Association of social participation, perception of neighborhood social cohesion, and social media use with happiness: Evidence of trade‐off (JCOP‐20‐277). Journal Community Psychology. 2021;49(2):432 [Crossref]
8- Maximiano-Barreto M, Leal L, Pessoa R, Bomfim A, Morais D, Luchesi B, Chagas M. Factors associated with happiness among community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review. Geriatric Nursing. 2024;56:124 [Crossref]
9- Lomas T, VanderWeele T. The complex creation of happiness: Multidimensional conditionality in the drivers of happy people and societies. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2023;18(1):15 [Crossref]
10- Fukui S, Ishikawa T, Iwahara Y, Fujikawa A, Fujita J, Takahashi K. Measuring well‐being in older adults: Identifying an appropriate single‐item questionnaire. Geriatrics Gerontology Int. 2021;21(12):1131 [Crossref]
11- Zhu H, Zhang Y, Bai R, Sun X. Happiness and executive team stability. Finance Research Letters. 2023;57:104286 [Crossref]
12- Adinkrah E, Najand B, Young-Brinn A, Salimi S. Association between School Achievement and Tobacco Susceptibility among US Adolescents: Ethnic Differences. Children. 2023;10(2):327 [Crossref]
13- Park Y, Gim T. Who remained happy despite the pandemic?: the impact of changed life situations and mobility and perceptions and attitudes toward the altered lifestyle during COVID-19. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering. 2024;:1 [Crossref]
14- Bushman D, Davidson A, Pathela P, Greene S, Weiss D, Reddy V, Team N, Latash J. Risk Factors for Death Among Hospitalized Patients Aged 21–64 Years Diagnosed with COVID-19—New York City, March 13–April 9, 2020. J Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2022;9(4):1584 [Crossref]
15- Augustine J, Brantley M. Black-White Differences in Parental Happiness. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World. 2023;9:237802312311536 [Crossref]
16- Cohn J, Licata J, Othman S, Shokri T, Zwillenberg S. Comparison of Maxillofacial Trauma Patterns in the Urban Versus Suburban Environment: A Pilot Study. Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction. 2020;13(2):115 [Crossref]
17- Goodwill J. Measuring hope and joy among Black Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2024;:1 [Crossref]
18- Rahmani A, Najand B, Maharlouei N, Zare H, Assari S. COVID-19 Pandemic as an Equalizer of the Health Returns of Educational Attainment for Black and White Americans. J Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2024;11(3):1223 [Crossref]
19- Assari S. Diminished returns of educational attainment on life satisfaction among Black and Latino older adults transitioning into retirement. Journal of Medicine, Surgery, and Public Health. 2024;2:100091 [Crossref]
20- Assari S. Black Americans’ Diminished Health Returns of Professional Occupations: A Thirty-Year Follow-Up Study of Middle-Aged and Older Adults. J Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2024; [Crossref]
21- Assari S, Cobb S, Cuevas A, Bazargan M. Diminished Health Returns of Educational Attainment Among Immigrant Adults in the United States. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11 [Crossref]


Reza Imani   

Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases, Department of Infectious Diseases, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 

 Email: eimani@skums.ac.ir



Soleiman Kheiri  

Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. 

 Email: kheiri@skums.ac.ir

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