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Epidemiol Health System J. 2024;11(1): 22-28.
doi: 10.34172/ehsj.26083
  Abstract View: 95
  PDF Download: 42

Original Article

Investigating the Level of Quarantine Compliance among People in Close Contact With a Person Infected With COVID-19 Patients

Elahe Elyasi 1,2 ORCID logo, Manoochehr Karami 3,4 ORCID logo, Zahra Cheraghi 1,5 ORCID logo, Ghodratollah Roshanaei 5,6 ORCID logo, Mohammad Mirzaei 1 ORCID logo, Salman Khazaei 1,7* ORCID logo

1 Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
6 Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
7 Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Salman Khazaei, Email: salmankhazaei61@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims: COVID-19 has emerged as a novel pandemic, emphasizing the crucial role of prevention and quarantine measures. Compliance with these measures becomes particularly important for individuals in close contact with COVID-19-infected individuals. This study aimed to investigate the level of quarantine compliance among individuals who had close contact with COVID-19 patients in Hamadan province, as well as identify predictors associated with compliance.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted between March and July 2022, involving 350 individuals who had close contact with COVID-19 patients in Hamadan province, Iran. A researcher-designed questionnaire was employed to gather participants’ demographic and clinical information, as well as their adherence to quarantine principles, through a 7-question assessment. The collected data were statistically analyzed using Stata software, version 16.

Results: The study participants had a mean age of 40.23±12.91 years. The rate of good compliance with quarantine measures among individuals in close contact with COVID-19 patients was found was 58.66%. Adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that men in close contact with COVID-19 patients had a 1.66 times higher chance of complying with quarantine compared to women (odds ratio [OR]=1.66, 95% CI=1.06, 2.56), P=0.025). Additionally, individuals over the age of 60 who had close contact with COVID-19 patients exhibited a 2.28 times higher chance of non-compliance with quarantine (OR=2.28, 95% CI=1.17, 4.45, P=0.015).

Conclusion: Demographic characteristics could significantly influence compliance with quarantine principles among individuals in close contact with COVID-19 patients. Addressing these factors is crucial for effective health planning and patient education in the country.

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Submitted: 10 Nov 2023
Accepted: 31 Jan 2024
ePublished: 29 Mar 2024
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