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Epidemiol Health System J. 2024;11(1): 36-42.
doi: 10.34172/ehsj.26069
  Abstract View: 78
  PDF Download: 75

Original Article

The Relationship Between Egg Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in the Shahrekord Cohort Study

Atefeh Ghafari 1 ORCID logo, Rezvan Arash 2 ORCID logo, Tina Jafari 1,3* ORCID logo, Ali Ahmadi 4,5 ORCID logo, Elahe Tavassoli 6 ORCID logo, Ali Delgarm Shams Abadi 2 ORCID logo

1 Clinical Biochemistry Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
3 Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
5 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health and Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
6 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Tina Jafari, Email: tinajafari15@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Diabetes is a common non-communicable and metabolic disease, and its prevalence is predicted to double by 2045. It is also a significant risk factor for cardiovascular complications and mortality. The study investigated the association between egg consumption and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a cohort of Iranian adults.

Methods: This study compared 261 cases of T2D with 261 controls matched for age and features and assessed their dietary intake using a food frequency questionnaire. The inclusion criterion involved the absence of concurrent chronic diseases apart from T2D.

Results: Based on the results, the participants’ average age was 53.32 years, with a slightly higher proportion of females in both groups. Logistic regression analysis revealed that increased consumption of eggs is associated with a diminished risk of developing T2D (P=0.01).

Conclusion: The study suggests that egg consumption may have beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity, and regional and genetic differences may influence the relationship between egg consumption and T2D. It calls for further longitudinal and interventional studies to confirm the findings.

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Submitted: 09 Oct 2023
Accepted: 15 Mar 2024
ePublished: 29 Mar 2024
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