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Int J Epidemiol Res. 2019;6(1): 42-48.
doi: 10.15171/ijer.2019.08
  Abstract View: 461
  PDF Download: 582

Systematic Review

Mean Scores of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Iranian University Students Based on DASS-21: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Jahanshah Mohammadzadeh 1* ORCID logo, Shahram Mami 2 ORCID logo, Khadijeh Omidi 3 ORCID logo

1 Associate Professor of Psychology, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Ilam Branch, Ilam, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Ilam Branch, Ilam, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: jahansham252@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder, and students are more predisposed to depression than other populations. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the mean depression score in Iranian students based on DASS-21. Methods: The search was carried out using keywords Depression, Student, DASS-21 and Iran in domestic databases, including SID, Medlib, IranMedex, Irandoc, and Magiran. Data were analyzed using a meta-analysis (random effects model). The heterogeneity of studies was studied using the I2 index. Data were analyzed using the Stata software version 11. DASS-21 had been used in all reviewed studies. Results: The sample size was 3229 people included in 17 studies. The mean depression score in Iranian students based on DASS-21 was 9.30 (95% CI: 12.57-6.03), 8.90 in female students (95% CI: 4.50-13.29) and 8.45 in male students (95% CI: 4.03-12.86). The mean scores of anxiety and stress in students were 8.58 (95% CI: 5.95-12.86) and 9.91 (95% CI: 11.28-8.54), respectively. Conclusion: The mean depression score is higher in female students than in male students, and the mean score of stress is slightly higher than those of anxiety and depression
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Submitted: 26 Jun 2018
Accepted: 05 Jan 2019
ePublished: 24 Jan 2019
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